Health is defined by different people as a variety of things. Some of these include physical, mental, social, or psychological wellbeing. The definition also depends on the individual’s circumstances.
A healthy lifestyle can provide individuals with a sense of purpose and meaning in life. For many people, maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine can help promote good health. Other factors that contribute to good health include relationships, education, and the environment.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “complete physical, mental, and social well-being.” According to the WHO, the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is a fundamental human right.
The WHO definition is consistent with the biopsychosocial model of health, which considers both physiological and psychological factors as well as the interactions between these factors. In this model, the subjective element of health is considered to be a limitation of the broader definitions.
In contrast, a ‘complete’ health definition is unrealistic, and fails to account for many chronic illnesses and disabilities. The ‘complete’ health concept also contributes to the overmedicalisation of society.
It is also important to note that the ‘complete’ health definition is a limiting definition of health. This is because many people do not have a complete wellbeing. Instead, they may be experiencing some abnormalities that are not medically diagnosed.
A third definition of health is a state of balance. Balance is the equilibrium that exists within an individual. This can be achieved through a series of measures, including sleep, diet, and activity.