Nutrition is the study of food and the ways that it affects the body. It includes the science of genetics, social factors, and biochemistry. Generally, a balanced diet is important for health, mental wellbeing, and prevention of certain diseases.
Nutrients are chemical compounds that are found in all living things. They provide the body with fuel and other essential materials. These materials are metabolized by the organism to provide energy for synthesis of chemical structures and other activities. Depending on the type of organism, nutrients may be sourced from food, water, or other sources.
Food plays a vital role in human life, and the quality of the foods we eat affects our physical, emotional, and social well-being. Having a healthy balanced diet reduces our risk of a number of diseases, including diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and obesity.
In general, a diet with a balance of nutrients is recommended, and it is also beneficial to have a variety of food to help you grow. A variety of foods helps you to stay healthy, and it promotes the production of “good” bacteria in your gut.
Food is essential to all living things, but different species have different needs. Some animals consume complex compounds, such as meat and cheese, while others rely on simple inorganic substances, such as plants and algae.
Nutrients are necessary for growth, reproduction, and repair. The body is able to synthesize some nutrients, while others must be obtained from food.